Republic of Turkey
Climate: Mediterranean coastal area have
mild, rainy winters with mostly hot, dry summers. Inland, the
higher elevations experience much colder winters.
The Capital City is Ankara, the currency is the Turkish Lira, and
languages spoken are Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, and others.
A population of 69,500,000 reside in 81 provinces on a land area of
769,630 sq km (297,154 sq miles), at 39° 00'N, 35° 00'E.
The European side is mostly rolling hills, while across the Bosphorus
Strait into central Turkey there are wide plains, all surrounded by, and
mixed with high, rugged mountains, many over 10,000 feet. Along the
Mediterranean coast the land is lower and very fertile. The Tigras,
Kizilirmak, Sakarya and Euphrates are major rivers, and Lake Van the
For history and more,