Kingdom of the Netherlands
The Netherlands (through the Dutch East
and West India Companies) once ruled a vast worldwide empire of trade and
has been in a constant battle with the sea to save its lands. It's
prosperity comes from flowers, electronics, oil and agricultural
The capital city Amsterdam, the currency is the Euro, and
Dutch is the official language, although Fries is spoken in
Friesland and a local dialect is used in the Limburg province.
A population of 15,878,000 occupy 12
provinces within 33,920 sq km (13,097 sq miles).
The country has temperate marine
conditions with cool summers and mild winters especially along the coastal
areas at 52° 30'N, 5° 45'E
The land is flat, averaging only 37' above sea level. Much of the land
below sea level is reclaimed and protected by 1,500 miles of dikes. There
are some hills in southeast.
For history and